1. Introduction

25 Weavers' Service Centres and 5 Indian Institutes of Handloom Technology play a very vital role in the Research and Development, imparting training to weavers to upgrade their skill and increase productivity in the handloom sector. They have also been instrumental in evolving innumerable new designs and reviving traditional designs. Most of the State level agencies have lauded the role of Weavers' Service Centres and Indian Institutes of Handloom Technology. 

2. Weaver Service Centre (WSC)

2.1 Under training programmes, the Weavers/Dyers/Printers and Designers are imparted training through in-house training courses of 4 months duration and through field training programmes under Decentralised Training of Weavers Scheme. The Decentralised Training of Weavers Scheme launched in the year 1987-88 has been modified from time to time and is still in operation. 

2.2 Handloom Sector has been facing stiff competition with the powerloom sector since last few years. To keep pace with the changing fashions/trends, it has become necessary for the handloom sector to revive its technique/technology. Keeping this in view, the government of India has decided to equip the Weavers' Service Centres/Indian Institute of Handloom Technology with Computer Aided Textile Designing so that the Handloom Sector could compete with the powerloom sector in the areas of weaving as well as designing. 

2.3 Since the Weavers' Service Centres, in addition to Research and Development activities, are involved in evolving new designs for the Handloom Sector, a great need was being felt to popularize the designs developed by the experts/designers of Weavers' Service Centres. Keeping this in view periodical display-cum-exhibition of the designs and samples developed by WSCs are organized by the Weavers' Service Centres in weavers clusters spread all over the country for the benefit of handloom weavers. 

2.4 The Weavers Service Centre conducts training programme under the Decentralized Training Programme to upgrade skill of weavers to enable them to switch over from low value added to high value added products. 

3. IIHTs

3.1 The Indian Institute of Handloom Technology have been set up with the following objectives: 

a) To undertake experimental and research programmes. 

b) To lay down the highest possible technical standard of training for the handloom industry and to devise short term and long term training programmes for technical personnel to be employed in the handloom sector. 

c) To devise channels of service in order to built up the closest possible liaison between the Institutes and handloom production units. 

3.2 The four Institutes at Varanasi, Salem, Guwahati and Jodhpur conduct 3 years Diploma Course in Handloom Technology. The Institutes at Varanasi and Salem are also conducting 1-1/2 (one & half) year duration (Three Semester) Post Diploma Course in Textile Chemistry.